Neco 2022 Biology questions and answers

Neco 2022 Biology questions and answers










(Answers THREE Questions Only



(i) Setting up of national park and gardens to save wildlife in their natural environment.

(ii) Poaching i.e. uncontrolled and illegal killing of game should be prevented.

(iii) Avoiding the use of pesticides that may kill off many animals

(vi) Prohibiting deforestation and encouraging afforestation


Sexual reproduction involves the fusion of two gametes – male and female gametes during fertilization to form a zygote which develops into a new organism. It involves organisms of the same species.


Sexual reproduction is the fusion or joining of male and female gametes or nuclei from different individual to form a zygote which later develops into an embryo or organism.


(i) biceps (flexor)

(ii) Triceps (extensor)


– When one touches a hot object, the sensory receptor in the skin receives the stimulus

– An impulse is transmitted from the receptor to the spinal cord, via the dorsal root/sensory neurone

– The intermediate neurone in the spinal cord passes on the impulse to the motor neurone

– The motor neurone then sends the impulses to an effector organ (muscle) via the ventral root

– All the neurones are linked by synapses across which impulses are sent

– The muscle upon receiving the impulse contracts causing the hand to be withdrawn from the hot object


(Pick Any Three)

(i) It provides water for photosynthesis

(ii) To get rid of excess water in the plant

(iii) It helps plants to continually draw water from the soil into their stem and leaves.

(iv) Some evaporation of water uses latent energy from plants and therefore keeps the plant cool

(v) It helps in the transport of mineral salts from soil to leaves and growing points of the plant


(i) Growing of cover crops like grasses, sweet potato which covers the surface of the soil

(ii) Contour ploughing: ploughing along the contours of a slope to reduce the speed of runoff water.



Metamorphosis: This is the name given to the change in form shown by insects and amphibians from the egg stage to the adult stage.


(Pick Any Four)

(i) It regulate sex drive (libido)

(ii) It helps in the production of sperm

(iii) It helps in the production of red blood cells

(iv) It is responsible for muscle mass and strength

(v) Cause an increase in bone mass

(vi) Responsible for fat distribution


(Pick Any Four)

(i) It deaminates excess amino acid to urea

(ii) It stores iron from broken down cells

(iii) It detoxified poisonous substances and sent to the kidney for excretions

(iv) It supplies heat to the body by its metabolic reactions

(v) It also store fats and releases it at controlled rates into the blood when the need arises

(vi) It stores and releases minerals (iron, copper and potassium and vitamins (A, D and B12)


(Pick Any Three)

(i) Oxygen (only in the day)

(ii) Carbon dioxide (only at night)

(iii) Water

(iv) Tannins

(v) Alkaloids

(vi) Resins

(vii) Latex

(viii) Gum


– The semi-circular canals in the inner ear are responsible for the maintenance of balance with respect to circular motion.

– There are  three semi-circular canals and each is found in one of the geometrical planes (right angle to each other)

– During spinning, the gelatinous cupula in one of the semi-circular canals is set in motion.

– This stimulates the sensory hairs, and impulses are sent through the auditory nerves to the brain for proper body posture.

– When one stops spinning, the gelatinous cupula does not stop moving instantly but continues to move for some time

– This cause the continue feeling of the sensation of spinning.



(i)Cutaneous (skin) respiration

(ii) Buccal (mouth) respiration

(iii) Pulmonary (lungs) respiration



Wind Pollinated Flower

(Pick Any Two)

(i) They do not have nectar

(ii) Petals are dull coloured

(iii) Flowers are small and inconspicuous

(iv) Flowers are not scented

Insect Pollinated Flowers

(Pick Any Two)

(i) They have nectar

(ii) Petals are brightly coloured

(iii) Flowers are large and conspicuous

(iv) They are usually scented


(Pick Any Two)

(i) Axile placentation

(ii) Marginal placentation

(iii) Parietal placentation

(iv) Basal placentation


– Light rays from an object pass through the conjunctiva, cornea, aqueous humour, lens and vitreous humour to the retina

– The light rays are refracted as they pass through the various regions and finally brought to a focus (converged) on the fovea of the retina

– A real image, which is inverted and smaller than the object is formed.

– The cones and rods are stimulated and impulses are relayed via the optic nerve to the visual centres of the brain, which interprets and give the real impression of the image in terms of uprightness and actual size


(i) Holozoic nutrition

(ii) Saprophytic nutrition

(iii) Parasitic nutrition





(i) Internal fertilization

(ii) External fertilization


– After fertilization, the zygote divides repeatedly and develops into an embryo which consists of the plumule, radicle and one or two cotyledons.

– The primary endosperm nucleus develops into a nutritive tissue called endosperm, which stores food used by the developing embryo

– The synergids and the antipodal cells degenerate

– The ovule changes to form the seed and the interguments form the seed coat

– The micropyle remains where air and water enter the seed.

– The ovary develop into the fruit and the ovary wall forms the fruit wall called the pericarp.

– The style shrivels off, the petals, sepals and the stamens wither and fall off


(i) Red blood cells

(ii) White blood cells

(iii) Blood plasma

(iv) Platelets

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